The Role Of Dietary Sugars In Health

Mito

Member
Joined
Dec 10, 2016
Messages
1,871
Abstract
This review will focus on the question of whether dietary sugars are a relevant determinant in the global rise of overweight and obesity in adults, adolescents, and children. Initially, the review describes the current definitions for sugars in the diet and makes reference to them while analyzing their role in overweight and obesity as well as diet-related diseases, including type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and cancer. Second, it will focus particularly on sucrose and the question of whether it is the molecular composition of sucrose (glucose and fructose) or its energy content that promotes body weight gain and diet-related diseases. Finally, the review will clarify the molecular characteristics of sucrose regarding the release of the gastrointestinal glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) compared to other energy-providing nutrients and its relevance in metabolic diseases. Current data indicates that dietary sugars are only associated with an increase in obesity when consumed as an excess source of calories and with that an increase in the risk of diet-related diseases. Furthermore, it was shown that a diet rich in fat will stimulate GIP secretion more than a diet rich in sucrose. Taken together, current scientific evidence does not support the conclusion that dietary sugars per se are detrimental to human health.

Conclusion
Current scientific evidence does not support the conclusion that dietary sugars themselves are detrimental to human health and the cause of obesity as well as NCDs. Data from human studies clearly shows that it is the excess amount of calories, also consumed in form of dietary sugars, that promotes obesity and with that favors NCDs. For sucrose, further research is needed in order to evaluate the relevance of its molecular composition, especially in comparison with other macronutrients.

The role of dietary sugars in health: molecular composition or just calories?
 
Similar threads
Thread starter Title Forum Replies Date
Lokzo Role Of Dietary Histidine In The Prevention Of Obesity And Metabolic Syndrome Scientific Studies 6
P The Role Of Dietary Creatine Articles & Scientific Studies 14
MyUsernameHere Role of oxidative stress / ROS in androgenic alopecia - main mechanism? Hair & Nails 1
B Article On DHT’s role in hair modulation Hair & Nails 0
mrchibbs New documentary on the role of the media in shaping the COVID-19 craze in Belgium Viruses, Parasites, Fungus, Vaccines 13
sugarbabe Role Of Vitamins A And D In The Pathogenesis Of Influenza: A New Perspective Viruses, Parasites, Fungus, Vaccines 1
B Haidut's Recent Comments On Estrogen's Role In Hairloss Hair & Nails 136
Mauritio Vitamin D Levels Appear To Play Role In COVID-19 Mortality Rates Scientific Studies 8
M Vitamin D Levels Play A Role In Severeness Of Covid19 Ask For Help or Advice 14
md_a Protective Role Of Carbon Dioxide (CO2) In Generation Of Reactive Oxygen Species Scientific Studies 0
md_a Nitrite And Hemoglobin: The Role Of Nitrite In Hemoglobin-mediated Hypoxic Vasodilation Scientific Studies 1
Mito SARS-COV-2 Infection: The Possible Preventative Role Of Methylene Blue Scientific Studies 38
S.Seneff Evaluation Of The Role Of Melatonin In The Metastasis Of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Scientific Studies 1
Lewis Acid α-Tocopherol Transfer Protein Plays A Role In Protecting Chloroquine Toxicity Viruses, Parasites, Fungus, Vaccines 0
Mauritio Serotonin Itself Alters The Microbiome, Central Role Of Only 2 Bacteria Species Articles & Scientific Studies 4
A Therapeutic Role Of PPAR–α For Increase Allopregnanolone Hormones 7
Lokzo L-serine: A Neglected Amino Acid With A Potential Therapeutic Role In Diabetes Scientific Studies 1
Lokzo Gastric Cells: Potent Endocrine Role In Secreting Estrogen Scientific Studies 3
R What Is The Role Of Fat In The Body? Fats 3
L Is Serotonin An Upper Or A Downer? The Evolution Of The Serotonergic System And Its Role In Depressi Scientific Studies 1
R Role Of Potassium And Insulin In Regulation Of Blood Sugar Blood Sugar 2
haidut A Lab Test For Endotoxin Exposure, And Its Role In HIV/AIDS Scientific Studies 9
J Does Calcium Play A Role In Teeth Spacing? Oral Health 0
D X-rays Reveal The Important Role Of Copper In Parkinson’s Disease Scientific Studies 6
ddjd Role Of TGF-b1 In Hair Loss Ask For Help or Advice 28
M CRH: Role In Anxiety Cortisol, Serotonin, Histamine 0
J How Big Of A Role Does The Lymphatic System Play? Hair & Nails 17
H Seasonal Prolactin Secretion And Its Role In Seasonal Reproduction: A Review Scientific Studies 0
General Orange Protective Role Of Green Tea Polyphenols In Intestinal Mucosal Barrier Function Digestion, Gut Flora 0
H Cholesterogenesis To Steroidogenesis: Role Of B2 In The Biosynthesis Of D B2 1
L Unexpected Central Role Of The Androgen Receptor In The Spontaneous Regeneration Of Myelin Scientific Studies 20
Makrosky A Role For 5alpha-reductase Activity In The Development Of Male Homosexuality? Scientific Studies 52
Mito Update On The Role Of Serotonin And Its Interplay With Dopamine For Reward Articles & Scientific Studies 1
biggirlkisss Trying To Understand Serotonin Role And How Lowering It Benefits Health Ask For Help or Advice 3
Mr. God of Cars Chondrocytes Play A Major Role In The Stimulation Of Bone Growth By Thyroid Hormone Scientific Studies 0
I What Is The Role Of Aspirin And Vitamin E When Eating Dr. Ray Peat Diet? Supplements, Pharmaceutical Drugs 16
Diokine Role Of Nervous System In Rheumatoid Arthritis – Acetylcholine And TNF-alpha Health 2
R Role Of Starch In Bodybuilding & Weight Loss Questions Weight 10
ecstatichamster Remember The Behavioral Role YOU Play Mind, Sleep, Stress 8
michael94 The Role Of Microbiota In Thyroid Hormone Metabolism And Enterohepatic Recycling Scientific Studies 0
R Unsaturated Fats Role In Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease Fats 5
P A Central Role For JNK(inflammation) In Obesity And Insulin Resistance Articles & Scientific Studies 3
Raul Paublo Is Serotonin An Upper Or A Downer? The Evolution Of The Serotonergic System And Its Role In Depressi Scientific Studies 0
Drareg Role Of Serotonin In Melanogenesis In The Skin Scientific Studies 5
Drareg Epigenetic Regulation Of The Placental HSD11B2 Barrier And Its Role As A Critical Regulator Of Feta Scientific Studies 0
haidut 5α-Dihydroprogesterone (5α-DHP) - Potent Role In Neurodegenerative Conditions Scientific Studies 13
Koveras The Role Of Steroids In The Prediction Of Affective Disorders In Adult Men Scientific Studies 12
P The Role Of Vitamin K In The Metabolism Of Connective Tissue Biopolymers Scientific Studies 2
P Potential Anti-aging Role Of Taurine Via Proper Protein Folding: A Study From Taurine Transporter Kn Articles & Scientific Studies 0
A PUFAs Role On Skin Health 48

Similar threads

Top