Minocycline Treatment Reduces Anxiety Behaviors Induced By Stress Through Modulating Nflammation

Discussion in 'Articles & Scientific Studies' started by RayPeatFan777, Jul 28, 2019.

  1. RayPeatFan777

    RayPeatFan777 Member

    Mar 9, 2017
    Chronic minocycline treatment reduces the anxiety-like behaviors induced by repeated restraint stress through modulating neuroinflammation.

    Anxiety disorders are chronic, disabling conditions across the world, and bring a great burden to individuals and society. Although advances have been made in understanding of the pathophysiology of these diseases, no mechanistically new drugs for anxiety disorders have reached the market in the past two decades. Some evidence indicates that stress increases neuroinflammatory signaling, which is related to the development of anxiety and depression. Minocycline, a broad-spectrum tetracycline-antibiotic, has been reported to suppress microglia activation-mediated brain endogenous inflammation. However, it is still unknown whether minocycline can be developed to treat stress-induced anxiety disorders and what is the underlying mechanisms. We chose the anxiety model induced by repeated stress consisting of 2 h of restraint on each of 7 consecutive days. The behavioral test results showed that chronic minocycline treatment, not acute minocycline treatment, increased the time spent in the center area in the open field test and the number of open arm entries and time spent in open arms in the elevated plus maze test, which were comparable with the effect of buspirone. Further mechanism studies demonstrated that chronic minocycline treatment inhibited the microglia activation and decreased the levels of interleukin 6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). In addition, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma/ nuclear factor kappa B (PPAR-γ/NF-κB) signaling pathway was also modulated by chronic minocycline treatment. In conclusion, our findings support the hypothesis that immune dysregulation plays an important role in stress-induced anxiety disorders, and minocycline can be developed to be used in these diseases.