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Is Frequent Eating Really Better?

Discussion in 'Science' started by ecstatichamster, Sep 13, 2017.

  1. ecstatichamster

    ecstatichamster Member

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    Hypercaloric diets with increased meal frequency, but not meal size, increase intrahepatic triglycerides: A randomized controlled trial
    American children consume up to 27% of calories from high-fat and high-sugar snacks. Both sugar and fat consumption have been implicated as a cause of hepatic steatosis and obesity but the effect of meal pattern is largely understudied.

    We hypothesized that a high meal frequency, compared to consuming large meals, is detrimental in the accumulation of intrahepatic and abdominal fat.

    To test this hypothesis, we randomized 36 lean, healthy men to a 40% hypercaloric diet for 6 weeks or a eucaloric control diet and measured intrahepatic triglyceride content (IHTG) using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS), abdominal fat using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and insulin sensitivity using a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp with a glucose isotope tracer before and after the diet intervention.

    The caloric surplus consisted of fat and sugar (high-fat-high-sugar; HFHS) or sugar only (high-sugar; HS) and was consumed together with, or between, the three main meals, thereby increasing meal size or meal frequency.

    All hypercaloric diets similarly increased body mass index (BMI). Increasing meal frequency significantly increased IHTG (HFHS mean relative increase of 45%; P = 0.016 and HS mean relative increase of 110%; P = 0.047), whereas increasing meal size did not (2-way analysis of variance [ANOVA] size versus frequency P = 0.03). Abdominal fat increased in the HFHS-frequency group (+63.3 ± 42.8 mL; P = 0.004) and tended to increase in the HS-frequency group (+46.5 ± 50.7 mL; P = 0.08).

    Hepatic insulin sensitivity tended to decrease in the HFHS-frequency group while peripheral insulin sensitivity was not affected.

    Conclusion: A hypercaloric diet with high meal frequency increased IHTG and abdominal fat independent of caloric content and body weight gain, whereas increasing meal size did not. This study suggests that snacking, a common feature in the Western diet, independently contributes to hepatic steatosis and obesity. (Trial registration: www.clinicaltrials.gov; nr.NCT01297738.) (Hepatology 2014;60:545–553)
     
  2. Wagner83

    Wagner83 Member

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    Hypercaloric diet, high fat and high sugar, high frequency.
     
  3. Jsaute21

    Jsaute21 Member

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    Meal frequency is extremely individual, and IMO should not be put in a one size fits all category. It all comes down to how one stores blood sugar, and how their liver functions. If in a hypo metabolic state, one needs to eat constantly. If healthy, one just needs to eat when hungry. This could be 2 times a day, or 3, or 4. Ignoring hunger signs however is a sure fire way to long term hurt your metabolic state. Take it from an active guy who did that for years.
     
  4. James IV

    James IV Member

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    Good advice.
     
  5. lisaferraro

    lisaferraro Member

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    +1 true @Jsaute21
     
  6. Constatine

    Constatine Member

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    Well of course a high fat high sugar hypercaloric diet is going to wreck ones health. One needs plenty of protein and exercise to handle such conditions. Fat and sugar don't mix well together in large quantities. They produce energy via competitive means. Sugar obviously being the much more efficient method. With plenty of sugar fat is not used for energy and is stored. A healthy diet has plenty of sugar and only a moderate amount of fat with high amounts of protein... Then again people seem to do well on ice cream. Perhaps because it stimulates metabolism so much.
     
  7. tara

    tara Member

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    Quite possibly not, for most really healthy men.
    A good many of us here are not in that category.

    +1
     
  8. DuggaDugga

    DuggaDugga Member

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    A different user of this forum posted a similar (maybe the same?) study to defend his/her anti-fructose stance. These individuals drank a massive amount of nurtient-void, hypercaloric liquid in addition to their normal diet and got fat, so therefore fructose is bad -- ????? Crazy to think a couple individuals probably earned phDs for conducting this research. Think about all the other relevant aspects to these diets not included, the non-dietary aspects of metabolism not included. And their sample size is 40 to ice the cake? Yikes.
     
  9. Constatine

    Constatine Member

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    True
     
  10. paymanz

    paymanz Member

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    overeating can't be healthy.

    Sometimes we eat too much because there is no better enjoying activity in not around.there is a sweet point where you got to refrain from eat more.

    Your digestive system is under pressure with overeating too.
     
  11. DuggaDugga

    DuggaDugga Member

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